Water Based Stain

How to create beautiful colorful finish in your woodworking  projects


Water base Stains will give a grant selection of  possibilities it could be used for woodworking, home finish or refinished wood, like furniture, cabinets, counter, gifts, as well you could use it for Art finishing projects like painting with water based stains, you will create fantastic  Artwork that will be ready to be displayed in any Art Gallery, Art competition or Art Simponsion.

A few years back I was wondering how to accommodate wood and painting together, in those years when I started carving in wood, there were no such things  as Water Based Stains, there were only the earth tones Oil Based Stains, from Black to Pickle Oak and that was the only available selections ...


That was great for home finished  products but I was looking for something  to use more decorative like for a sculpture, we tried different  things like oil paints with a lot of linseed oil, it was working but we were never satisfied with the results…



How applied  color to a wood carving or any wood projects 

A few years back I went to a music concert and the drummer was using a Cajon.
It's a box created by the African in South America  to play music; they were not able to use or have drums so they created the Cajon . This great drum will produce a grand selection of notes…

I was intrigued  and decided to make one myself so I constructed a few and they work very well, but the end of the story was, I needed to make the Cajon attractive...

I was considering on how to create more artistic and beautiful ones . 


I ask a few questions about it because I was wondering

  • How well will resist?
  • How the color looks it will be true colors?
  • The colors will spray all over?
  • How long take to dry?
  • How much I need for small piece?
  • What about the final sealed  coat?
  • How many colors I could purchase?
  • How difficult  are to clean up?
  • It will not fade with the Sun?
  • Because  they are water based what happened  when the color gets wet?

The "hardware store" is a great place to go.

They have an answer  for all my questions and problems so yeah . 

They give me all the information I need to be convinced.  I desired to purchase the blue and try it out...

Well I love it and it was very easy to create the color stain effects that I was looking for.  I went back and purchased another 5 primary colors...

You can use the beautiful wood as a base to create paintings  using the different colors available.



How to Apply  the water based colors in your projects 

Wood in self could create or have breathtaking looks, that you want to preserve it, but from one piece to another wood will change the colors tones, the patterns , the grain...

Colors staining ​

When you try to match with an existing  piece in your home is a good idea to do a small test first before you adventure  into do the entire piece. Since wood is a product of nature, it can vary from tree to tree, even in the same wood species…

Water based stain colors will transform  different every piece  ​in ​​​​​​conjunction with the natural color of the wood it could produce different results of  the color you desire… So do a small test to be sure you are satisfied with the results…

If you wonder what will be the best products to paint or stain your withilling projects

This video will show you how to water stain your wood carving. This Art is easy to obtaining  great realistic results… special for wood carvings...

How difficult  is to apply  water based stains

Minwax Water based stain are very easy to use they don't run into the wood like water colors do, you will be able to control or manage where  the color stay without spray to other areas…

Color water based stains are great to mix or blend colors together  jus applied the desired colors and worked with the paint brush or cotton  rag to create the effects that you are looking for.

Water based wood finish are created with that special formula  that will resist the UV color changes, as well will maintain the natural grain of the wood, to obtain  the look of the grain true the stain you need to remove the excess after 5 minutes of the application to create the effects  of nice colorful wood grain…

Wood Water based stain are easy  to clean up no more paintinner or smelling chemicals, Water-Based Stains

Are lower in odor than oil-based stains

The best of the water base will CLEAN  with just Water and Soap.

You wonder how good or how much resistance  are because are water based but when you apply the stain into a wood surface it happens  a chemical reaction making the colors banding with the wood surface and become resistant to water…

The water base stain come in a grand selection  of colors up to 40 different tones with thus grand color palette  you will have a good selection of colors for all your home projects or Art Work...

As well DIY do it yourself the colors are very easy to mix yourself, you just need the primary  colors...

  • White 
  • Yellow 
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Black

With these colors you could mix more than 40 colors but remember if you need to cover a large area, just  written down your mix or is great to use a weight scale so the color will be the same all the time, but remember if you want to preserve  the original colors uses a different container to do the mix without mixing the original colors or change it...

This are the manufacturer recommendations. 

  1. 1
    Tool Recommend: 

    Synthetic bristle brush, cloth, foam brush, 23rd staining pad or rag.

  2. 2
    Application:   Interior for any type of wood surfaces
  3. 3
    Recoat:    After 2 hours Dry
  4. 4
    Dry Time:    3 hours
  5. 5

    Cleanup:    Soap and water

  6. 6
    Coverage:    100 sq. ft per quart
  7. 7
    ​ Coats:    1 coat. To darken the color, apply a second coat after 2 hours.

Minwax® manufacturer will not recommended  the water base stain for floors.

Recommended Uses: For all Wood carving projects, Art painting, withiling carving , wood burning  techniques, woodworking home projects, all home improvement that are made out of wood and need finish, unfinished wood furniture, cabinets, doors, trim, molding and many more accessories.

How to prepare  the wood surfaces  before stained 

Before you start you water base stain you need to prepare  your woodworking project, it needs to be sanded very well in the direction  of the grain with a 120 grain sandpaper.

You could Use a power tool like a belt sander

This tool sometimes live a lot of marks like scratches, grooves , so be careful, after used the belt sander you could use an orbit sander to help clean the surface well, if you don't have any of those tools you could use just your hand , just work the wood carving surface to a fine grid  using 220 sand paper the better prepare you woodworking project the best your results…

When you run a piece of lumber true the planner or when you purchase  from the store is Not a good idea to just start the stain process you need to prepare  the surface by sanded to remove the shine look in the surface created by the heat produced when it when true the planner…

Before  Stain your wood project is best practices  to used a 

Water Based Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner apply to the entire  surface and allow to penetrate 1-5 minutes. With this step  will help ensure even stain color penetration and reduce grain raising on soft and hard woods creating  evenly and beautiful finished.

Remove excess with a clean cloth.

For best results, wait 15-30 minutes before lightly sanding the surface with a fine-220 grade sandpaper . This will help smooth any raised grain. Remove all sanding dust before a second  coat or the final clear finished…

The product Surface must be dry, clean, and free of dirt, dust, grease, glue and any existing coatings before staining to obtain great results…

​what is the best practices  to apply  the water based stain

How to apply the stain.

The process  is very simple, just select the color pallet  to accommodate your image, using a paint brushes the sizes are determined  by the size of your project, as well you could use just a cotton rag, pour a small amount  in a different container I have one for each color so They will maintain pure to the original color.

Brush  on the same  direction of the grain or work the project according to your model or sketch.

Give a light first  coat and let it dry remember that if you are blending  different colors together it has to be done when the colors are not dry…

To obtain dark or rich tone you probably need to give a few coats 

You could give different  color over the first coat just have to do some testing  first and select your desired effects…

When you are satisfied  with the Art piece is time to bring those colors into life.


To mix the Colors  yourself

usin an Oil Based Stain you will need a

  1. Minwax Natural stain this in special will be the based to mix your color desire.

  2. Liquid  Oil based paint for Art I said liquid  because is easier to mix…

  3. Easy  to count the drops in, if you need to remix the same color

  4. But if you only have regular Oil painting for Art they will do the job, but is more complicated  to recreate the same color...

 

just port in a plastic  cup a small amount of the Natural stain, add a few drops  of color, mix well and you have the color that you are looking for if the color is not strong  you maybe need a few more troops of color just adjust  to your needs or desire color now you mix you own  color, but to be safe always  is best to purchase the one is ready created for that type of job...

The linseed Oil recipe doesn't  work that well…

To create the final effects  In you project you need to protect  with a good seal product.

They are a lot of different  products to choose from and from different  manufacturers each one will explain how to apply  the seal to create beautiful finish to your project.

​what type of seals are available

You can choose  from Oil Based seal to a Water Based seal.

The oil Based will give you that classic  look of a little more Amber tone to you project.

This Polyurethane Finish  has a strong odor that could stay  in your working area for a few days.

You need to have a well ventilated  or open door and windows area to work…

You need A paintinner to clean your tools after is done.

You could  applied with a bristle brush, foam brush or spray.

You will need less coats to protect  your project.

You  can apply  Oil Based polyurethane  over a water based stain make short that the stains are completely dry.  I did after 24 hours...

If you are using  to finish a wood floor they recommend  the Fast- Drying Polyurethane is manufacturer  for a high areas.

Water based sealer pros -cons

On the other  hand the water based Polycrylic will give you a Crystal clear finish to your projects preserving  the original look of your wood or stain...

It comes  in Gloss, Semi Gloss and Satin.

It will not change  the color of your stain it will dry  clear...

When you open  the can it look like a milk but after you applied will dry clear…

Make sure you mix well before  use but do not check because it will create air bubbles and they can end in the surface.

You could  applied with a bristle brush, foam brush or spray.

It will Ultra Fast dry you can apply  a second coat in 2 hours is recommended  as minimum 3 coats. So if you start early  in the morning by night  your project will be ready...

To created a resistance  surface you need more coats than  the Oil based Polyurethane  finish...

Remember  to sand in between  cost with a 220 sandpaper, never used steel  wool it scratch the surface of your project, it live lot  of metal residual, sometimes the steel wool have oil that will need to clean off before  the Polycrylic wood finish...

I will clean with just Water and soap.

It has a low odor that will clear in hours so if you finish your project in the morning  by night will be ready to bring home and will not smell, and it will be safe to sleep in...

I tested  in different  applications, like over color stains, Cajon, and the best it all I created a few pencil sketch  after they were finished I applied with the brush a coat of the clear seal surprise the pencil didn't smear it all and when it dried it created a clear coat that seal the pencil sketch.

To apply the Polycrylic wood  seal you need do in the direction  of grain as well.

For better  results you need to apply  as a minimum of 3 coats…

The Polycrylic sealer  could be applied over Oil based Stains, but make short the stain are completely  dry over 48 hours.

The Polycrylic are not recommended  for Floors because the life span will be short that Oil based it will need to re applied  sooner and you will need more coats...

Remember that the temperature  is a key factor for good results is recommended  to seal with temperatures over 55° and below 80° and also consider the humidity, it could take longer with a lot of humidity...

Don't let your Polycrylic or polyurethane products  freeze.


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Ruben
 

Colombian Artist I am a working artist since 1987 in the mediums of Stone Sculpture, Wood Sculptures and Oils painting...

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